Mayina Achijeremani

Phunziro ili lotchedwa Substantive, tikupatsirani zambiri zamaina achijeremani, omwe ndi mawu achijeremani. Tidzakupatsani chidziwitso cha mayina achijeremani, ndiye kuti, mayina azinthu, mawu, zinthu.

Anzanu, timayang'ana kwambiri pazomwe muyenera kudziwa komanso zomwe mukufuna kuloweza pamitu yomwe timasindikiza kuti muphunzire Chijeremani. Komabe, tikufunika kuphatikiza zofunikira pagalama zomwe muyenera kudziwa mukamaphunzira Chijeremani. Mutu womwe tikambirana pamaphunziro awa udzakhala Mayina Achijeremani (Substantive). Kuti phunziroli limvetsetsedwe bwino, titha kuyamba phunziro potsindika kuti liyenera kumvedwa bwino mu Zolemba zaku Germany zomwe tidasindikiza kale.

Kufotokozera dzinalo mwachidule, limatchedwa mawu omwe timapereka kwa zinthu. Monga m'chinenero chathu, pali mitundu monga imodzi, yambiri, yosavuta, yophatikiza, yopanga, konkriti m'maina achijeremani. Apanso, monga mchilankhulo chathu, palinso mitundu monga conjugated-e mkhalidwe wa dzinalo. Zimanenedwa kuti pali mawu pafupifupi 250.000 m'Chijeremani, ndipo zilembo zonse zoyambirira zimalembedwa pamizere yayikulu, mosatengera mayina enieni kapena generic. Kunena mwachidule, amatenga mawu (der, das, die) omwe amadziwika kuti zolemba pamitundu iliyonse.

Ndizotheka kuwunika mayinawo mchilankhulo cha Chijeremani pogawa magawo atatu. Izi;

Kugonana Kwa Amuna (Maina Amuna)
Mbadwo Wachikazi (Mayina Achikazi)
Kusaloŵerera M'ndale (Mayina Opanda Kugonana) apatukana ngati.

Malinga ndi malamulo a galamala omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito, mfundoyi imaperekedwa m'mawu achimuna omwe ali ndi nkhani ya "der", chachikazi kwa mawu achikazi omwe ali ndi nkhani ya "kufa", ndi mawu osalowerera ndale omwe ali ndi nkhani ya "das".

Chijeremani Amuna Amuna Kapena Amuna (Mayina Amuna)

Maina onse omwe amathera m'makalata -en, -ig, -ich, -ast amatha kutchedwa achimuna. Kuphatikiza apo, mayina a miyezi, masiku, mayendedwe, nyengo, mayina azinthu zonse zogonana amuna, ndi mayina amigodi ndi ndalama nawonso ndi amuna.

Chiwombankhanga Cha Chijeremani (Maina Achikazi)

Mayina akumapeto kwa zilembo - e, -ung, -keit ,, -ion, - in, -ei, -heit atha kutchedwa achikazi. Kuphatikiza apo, mayina, manambala, maluwa, mtsinje, mtsinje, mitengo ndi zipatso za zolengedwa zonse zachikazi ndizazimayi.

Mtundu Wachijeremani Wosaloŵerera M'ndale (Mayina Opanda Gender)

Mayina omwe amapezeka pakati pa amuna ndi akazi, komanso mzinda, dziko, ana, chitsulo ndi mayina otengedwa onse amawerengedwa kuti ndi mitundu yosalowerera ndale.

Dziwani izi: Generalization yapangidwa pamutu womwe watchulidwa. Tikukulimbikitsani kuti mutenge dikishonale ya Chijeremani ngati gwero kuti mupeze mtundu wanji wa mawu omwe simukudziwa. Mwanjira imeneyi, muphunzira mayina atsopano omwe muphunzire ndikugwiritsa ntchito moyenera.

Okondedwa, tikufuna kukudziwitsani zina mwazomwe zili patsamba lathu, kupatula zomwe mwawerenga, palinso mitu monga izi patsamba lathu, ndipo iyi ndi mitu yomwe ophunzira aku Germany ayenera kudziwa.

Okondedwa, zikomo chifukwa chokhudzidwa ndi tsamba lathu, tikukufunirani zabwino mu maphunziro anu aku Germany.

Ngati pali nkhani yomwe mukufuna kuwona patsamba lathu, mutha kutiwuza izi polemba kalata.

Momwemonso, mutha kulemba mafunso ena aliwonse, malingaliro, malingaliro ndi mitundu yonse yazotsutsa za njira yathu yophunzitsira yaku Germany, maphunziro athu aku Germany komanso tsamba lathu pabwaloli.

UTUMIKI WATHU WOKUTHANDIZA UNAYAMBIRA. ZAMBIRI: Kutanthauzira Chingerezi

Maulalo Othandizidwa